Saturday, 22 August 2015

MARIJUANA-- Q and A--PART ONE

What is marijuana?
Marijuana (grass, pot, weed) is the common name for a crude drug made from the plant Cannabis sativa. The main mind-altering (psychoactive) ingredient in marijuana is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), but more than 400 other chemicals also are in the plant. A marijuana "joint" (cigarette) is made from the dried particles of the plant. The amount of THC in the marijuana determines how strong its effects will be. The type of plant, the weather, the soil, the time of harvest, and other factors determine the strength of marijuana. The strength of today's marijuana is as much as ten times greater than the marijuana used in the early 1970s. This more potent marijuana increases physical and mental effects and the possibility of health problems for the user. Hashish, or hash, is made by taking the resin from the leaves and flowers of the marijuana plant and pressing it into cakes or slabs. Hash is usually stronger than crude marijuana and may contain five to ten times as much THC. Pure THC is almost never available, except for research. Substances sold as THC on the street often turn out to be something else, such as PCP.
What are some of the immediate effects of smoking marijuana?
Some immediate physical effects of marijuana include a faster heartbeat and pulse rate, bloodshot eyes, and a dry mouth and throat. No scientific evidence indicates that marijuana improves hearing, eyesight, and skin sensitivity. Studies of marijuana's mental effects show that the drug can impair or reduce short-term memory, alter sense of time, and reduce ability to do things which require concentration, swift reactions, and coordination, such as driving a car or operating machinery.
Are there any other adverse reactions to marijuana?
A common bad reaction to marijuana is the "acute panic anxiety reaction." People describe this reaction as an extreme fear of "losing control," which causes panic. The symptoms usually disappear in a few hours.
What about psychological dependence on marijuana?
Long-term regular users of marijuana may become psychologically dependent. They may have a hard time limiting their use, they may need more of the drug to get the same effect, and they may develop problems with their jobs and personal relationships. The drug can become the most important aspect of their lives.
What are the dangers for young people?
One major concern about marijuana is its possible effects on young people as they grow up. Research shows that the earlier people start using drugs, the more likely they are to go on to experiment with other drugs. In addition, when young people start using marijuana regularly, they often lose interest and are not motivated to do their schoolwork. The effects of marijuana can interfere with learning by impairing thinking, reading comprehension, and verbal and mathematical skills. Research shows that students do not remember what they have learned when they are "high".
How does marijuana affect driving ability?
Driving experiments show that marijuana affects a wide range of skills needed for safe driving -- thinking and reflexes are slowed, making it hard for drivers to respond to sudden, unexpected events. Also, a driver's ability to "track" (stay in lane) through curves, to brake quickly, and to maintain speed and the proper distance between cars is affected. Research shows that these skills are impaired for at least 4-6 hours after smoking a single marijuana cigarette, long after the "high" is gone. If a person drinks alcohol, along with using marijuana, the risk of an accident greatly increases. Marijuana presents a definite danger on the road.
Does marijuana affect the human reproductive system?
Some research studies suggest that the use of marijuana during pregnancy may result in premature babies and in low birth weights. Studies of men and women may have a temporary loss of fertility. These findings suggest that marijuana may be especially harmful during adolescence, a period of rapid physical and sexual development.
How does marijuana affect the heart?
Marijuana use increases the heart rate as much as 50 percent, depending on the amount of THC. It can cause chest pain in people who have a poor blood supply to the heart - and it produces these effects more rapidly than tobacco smoke does.
How does marijuana affect the lungs?
Scientists believe that marijuana can be especially harmful to the lungs because users often inhale the unfiltered smoke deeply and hold it in their lungs as long as possible. Therefore, the smoke is in contact with lung tissues for long periods of time, which irritates the lungs and damages the way they work. Marijuana smoke contains some of the same ingredients in tobacco smoke that can cause emphysema and cancer. In addition, many marijuana users also smoke cigarettes; the combined effects of smoking these two substances creates an increased health risk.
Can marijuana cause cancer?
Marijuana smoke has been found to contain more cancer-causing agents than is found in tobacco smoke. Examination of human lung tissue that had been exposed to marijuana smoke over a long period of time in a laboratory showed cellular changes called metaplasia that are considered precancerous. In laboratory test, the tars from marijuana smoke have produced tumors when applied to animal skin. These studies suggest that it is likely that marijuana may cause cancer if used for a number of years.
How are people usually introduced to marijuana?
Many young people are introduced to marijuana by their peers - usually acquaintances, friends, sisters, and brothers. People often try drugs such as marijuana because they feel pressured by peers to be part of the group. Children must be taught how to say no to peer pressure to try drugs. Parents can get involved by becoming informed about marijuana and by talking to their children about drug use.
What is marijuana "burnout"?
"Burnout" is a term first used by marijuana smokers themselves to describe the effect of prolonged use. Young people who smoke marijuana heavily over long periods of time can become dull, slow moving, and inattentive. These "burned-out" users are sometimes so unaware of their surroundings that they do not respond when friends speak to them, and they do not realize they have a problem.
How long do chemicals from marijuana stay in the body after the drug is smoked?
When marijuana is smoked, THC, its active ingredient, is absorbed by most tissues and organs in the body; however, it is primarily found in fat tissues. The body, in its attempt to rid itself of the foreign chemical, chemically transforms the THC into metabolites. Urine tests can detect THC metabolites for up to a week after people have smoked marijuana. Tests involving radioactively labeled THC have traced these metabolites in animals for up to a month.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Wednesday, 24 June 2015

UNHAPPY INDIA---Mumbai Mirror article

UNHAPPY INDIA

Unhappy India
We've failed the world happiness test. Mental health experts from four metros pin point the cardinal angst in our society.

In the last two decades, there has been nuclearisation of families which has led to the disintegration of our traditional support systems," says Dr Samir Parikh, psychiatrist and director of mental health at Fortis Healthcare. This lack of support, he feels, has led to a rise in stress and mental health issues.

The recently released World Happiness Report ranked India 117th among a list of 158 - behind turbulent nations like Bangladesh (109), Palestine (108) and, even Pakistan (81). Switzerland topped the charts. The report included six variables: GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and freedom from corruption.

Mirror spoke to psychiatrists from across the country on what ails India.

MUMBAI
COST OF REAL ESTATE


Dr Harish Shetty
Social psychiatrist, L H Hiranandani Hospital

While there is a sense of alienation across metros, what is specific to Mumbai is the lack of emotional contact time, along with increased travelling hours and job insecurity. I find that a lot of my patients don't have time to spend with their loved ones, which means that the stress of the day piles up with no support system to deal with it.

Additionally, the opening of the Indian market 25 years ago has caused certain problems. Before that, EMIs were rarely heard of, the cost of living was lower, too. Life was not as complicated. Apartments cost lakhs not crores. Being able to afford a house is a great contributor to emotional well-being and a sense of security.

Many of the suicides we see are now are triggered by financial troubles.

PUNE
RESTLESS YOUNG AND GERIATRIC DESPAIR

Dr Rohan Jahagirdar
Consultant Psychiatrist

Pune has a large chunk of its population in the 18-35 age group. Among the first category, I see severe depression arising from peer pressure, stress from relationships and substance abuse.

I find that people in this group lack a purpose. They have achieved a lot in a short time and don't know what to do next.

Divorce rate is also high, which contributes to depression and anxiety issues.

Then, there's the geriatric group, which suffers the empty nest syndrome. Most old couples who live in Pune are wealthy, having spent their life earning for their families. Their children have settled abroad, because they find better opportunities there. The parents despair because there's no body to take care of them. They feel 'all that we have done for years is worthless'. All they really want is some company, which they don't have.

BANGALORE
INSOMNIA, BURNOUT

Dr Roshan Jain,
Consultant psychiatrist Apollo Hospital

Bangalore is a city under construction and that's how it's going to remain for the next decade or so because there's no planned development on the anvil. From a city that was once known as the retirement destination, it has become a destination for chaos, which is also played out on our congested roads.

While the original residents of the city are unhappy over the way the city has shaped up, the migrants, most of them in the IT sector, have issues of their own.

Compared to five years ago, I see a lot of patients who are from the IT industry. They are not referred by other doctors. They just walk in to seek help.

Most of them are overwhelmed by job pressure and the daily commute. Their odd shift hours, which require them to work at night, has led to burn out. They seek tobacco, alcohol or drugs to cope with this stress. What's common to all of them is their inability to sleep properly. It's difficult to advise them to take to yoga or a fitness routine to because they don't have any time for themselves. A couple of drinks after work is their only form of relaxation.

The IT industry and its pressures are killing this generation. I believe our country is going to pay a huge price for 'success'.

AHMEDABAD
TRAFFIC INDUCED STRESS, HYPOCHONDRIA

Dr Hansal Bhachech
Head of Department of Psychiatry, HCG Group Of Hospitals

Stress related issues are on the rise. In the last few months, the number of road projects have risen, causing diversions and increasing travel time. This has led to road rage and accidents.

Another problem plaguing the 20-40 age group is hypochondria. In their eagerness to create awareness about diseases, a lot of hospitals and medical professionals are discussing about various ailments in the media — whether it's newspapers or radio. Constantly bombarded with this information, the young fear for their health, especially cardiac issues.

Another problem among young women is mood disorder caused by lifestyle diseases like Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. I have seen a lot of women come with depression and further investigations have revealed that they have PCOS, which causes mood fluctuations. In men, sexual disorders such as premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction and loss of libido are prime causes for stress, and ironically, its products too.

Monday, 9 March 2015

How Much Sleep Do You Actually Need?

So..

How Much Sleep Do You Actually Need?..

go through this excellent   video presentation --








source--ASAP science



Tuesday, 6 January 2015

Drunk vs Stoned---funny video

 hi,, happy new  year...

I  believe  all substance abuse is  bad...the video is  just to show the lighter  side of things  don't  mean to imply  anything.. thank you..have a safe new year ... say no to drugs..

Thursday, 18 December 2014

The Science of Laziness

 Laziness (also called indolence) is a disinclination to activity or exertion despite having the ability to do so. It is often used as a pejorative; related terms for a person seen to be lazy include couch potato, slacker, and bludger..go through the video presentation..

..

How To Beat  it---
“Action may not always bring happiness; but there is no happiness without action.” ~Benjamin Disraeli..

Focus on just a few things at a timeWe often create a big list of things that we want to do and achieve. Focusing on two or three things at a time will allow you to feel less overwhelmed. Instead, you will feel motivated, as your goals will now seem so much more achievable.

Out of the two sets of six-month goals below, which set gets you more motivated?
Learn to play guitar, do well at work, and get fit.
Learn to play guitar, do well at work, get fit, build big muscles, get better at singing, get top marks at school, learn how to draw better, and write a book.
When I see the second list, I personally feel overwhelmed. When my life looks a bit like this, I usually don’t know where to start or if I can succeed at anything I’ve set out to do.
People feel motivated when they feel they have a good chance of success.
This has been a big learning curve for me. When success seems like it is just around the corner, suddenly I get an amazing rush of energy where I feel liberated and excited to achieve bigger things.
Set yourself two or three easy to achieve goals at a time, and you will notice that you will naturally gain inspiration and motivation.

ExerciseThis has been a big revelation for me. Sometimes I get so fed up with feeling lazy and lethargic that I literally just start running. I have learned that if you can overcome physical laziness, your mind will naturally follow.

Allow yourself time to relax and do the things you enjoy.By relaxing and enjoying yourself, you also allow yourself to think about things, reflect, and feel inspired.

Get organized.
Your physical surroundings have a big impact on how you feel. If your house is a mess, you are likely to feel even more overwhelmed—both because clutter creates a sense of chaos, and because having to clean your house adds to your giant list of things to do in a ridiculously short amount of time.

Clean your house and organize your physical surroundings and you will naturally feel motivated to be more productive and active.
You will be making life simpler and easier to manage.

video --asap science
inputs --tiny buddha


Thursday, 11 December 2014

BE Socially Responsible--- it can happen to you.. it did happen to me

Few Days  back  i hear the story of unfortunate incidence in a cab in Delhi..but i always thought the cabs are well organised . how easily this thoughts can change and it can happen to you and me is what i realized today when i booked ola cabs
 heres what happened this is the  mail to ola cabs so called support--  subject  - YOU SHOULD BE BANNED


Dear  OLA   
today  morning  i had unfortunately  booked  your  cab  ..
 events  in chronological  order..
0755 booked a cab.. 

0803 CRN 2038392  CONFIRMED DRIVER MH11 BD 5116
0844 NO CAB CALLED OLA

0845 DRIVER CALLS ON THE WAY

0849 DRIVER CALLS

0853 I FINALLY FIND THE DRIVER..I AM IN THE  CAB

0854 I HAVE ONE MORE DRIVER CALLING MH14 0465

0903 I AM BEGGING OLA THAT THE CAB ..WHICH EVER SHOULD JUST DROP ME TO MY HOSPITAL..RUBY HALL.. THE DRIVER IS BEING TOLD  NOT TOO

0906 STATUS  QUO

 0907  JUST CALLING OLA

0908  NOW I HAVE ONE MORE CAB MH12 KN 1542

 0910 I  BEG DRIVER ONE  TO AT LEAST DROP ME TO A AUTO...

 0911 I GET A AUTO

 0915 OLA  I TELL THEM I AM TRAVELLING IN A AUTO ..JUST ASK THEM WHAT IF I WOULD HAVE BEEN A LADY AND THIS  WAS  HAPPENING IN  THE NIGHT...

0938  I RECEIVE A MSG ..AS  PER UR REQUEST(yea right thats why u send me three cabs)..UR BOOKING IS CANCELLED...

0939 COLD SHOULDER FROM OLA... PUT  MY CALL ON   HOLD....
0940
0943

 I  would have not  followed up this  matter... but  its time  one has to stand  up..really  please  tell me who would have  been responsible  if it was a lady  in  my place  or a family  with small  children... i will raise  my  voice..  its  time to stand up...