Friday, 3 May 2013

Sleep Disorders...The Long List..Of Sleep Problems


Sleep  is  a Vast  Subject  and  here is a list of  Disorders  Related to Sleep and sleep Disturbances...



  
  1. Dyssomnias
  2. Parasomnias
  3. Sleep disorders associated with mental, neurologic, or other medical disorders
  4. Proposed sleep disorders

Dyssomnias


Intrinsic sleep disorders
  • Psychophysiologic insomnia
  • Sleep state misperception
  • Idiopathic insomnia
  • Narcolepsy
  • Recurrent hypersomnia
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia
  • Post-traumatic hypersomnia
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome
  • Central sleep apnoea syndrome
  • Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome
  • Periodic limb movement disorder
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Intrinsic sleep disorder NOS
Extrinsic sleep disorders
  • Inadequate sleep hygiene
  • Environmental sleep disorder
  • Altitudeinsomnia
  • Adjustment sleep disorder
  • Insufficient sleep syndrome
  • Limit-setting sleep disorder
  • Sleep-onset association disorder
  • Food allergyinsomnia
  • Nocturnal eating (drinking) syndrome
  • Hypnotic-dependent sleep disorder
  • Stimulant-dependent sleep disorder
  • Alcohol-dependent sleep disorder
  • Toxin-induced sleep disorder
  • Extrinsic sleep disorder NOS
Circadian-rhythm sleep disorders
  • Time zone change (jet lag) syndrome
  • Shift work sleep disorder
  • Irregular sleep–wake pattern
  • Delayed sleep–phase syndrome
  • Advanced sleep–phase syndrome
  • Non-24-hour sleep–wake disorder
  • Circadian rhythm sleep disorder NOS

Parasomnias

Arousal disorders
  • Confusional arousals 
  • Sleepwalking
  • Sleep terrors
Sleep–wake transition disorders
  • Rhythmic movement disorder
  • Sleep starts
  • Sleep talking
  • Nocturnal leg cramps
Parasomnias usually associated with REM sleep
  • Nightmares
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Impaired sleep-related penile erections
  • Sleep-related painful erections
  • REM sleep-related sinus arrest
  • REM sleep behavior disorder
Other parasomnias
  • Sleep bruxism
  • Sleep enuresis
  • Sleep-related abnormal swallowing syndrome
  • Nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia
  • Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome
  • Primary snoring
  • Infant sleep apnea
  • Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome
  • Sudden infant death syndrome
  • Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus
  • Other parasomnia NOS

Sleep disorders associated with mental, neurologic, or other medical disorders

Associated with mental disorders
  • Psychoses
  • Mood disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Panic disorders
  • Alcoholism
Associated with neurologic disorders
Associated with other medical disorders
  • Sleeping sickness
  • Nocturnal cardiac ischemia
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Sleep-relatedasthma
  • Sleep-related gastroesophageal reflux
  • Peptic ulcer disease
  • Fibromyalgia

Proposed sleep disorders

  • Short sleeper
  • Long sleeper
  • Subwakefulness syndrome
  • Fragmentary myoclonus
  • Sleep hyperhidrosis
  • Menstrual-associated sleep disorder
  • Pregnancy-associated sleep disorder
  • Terrifying hypnagogic hallucinations
  • Sleep-related neurogenic tachypnea
  • Sleep-related laryngospasm
  • Sleep choking syndrome


 American Academy of Sleep Medicine Classification of sleep disorders 2005

  1. Insomnia
  2. Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
  3. Hypersomnias of Central Origin Not Due to a Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Sleep Related Breathing Disorder, or Other Cause of Disturbed Nocturnal Sleep
  4. Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
  5. Parasomnias
  6. Sleep Related Movement Disorders
  7. Isolated Symptoms, Apparently Normal Variants and Unresolved Issues
  8. Other Sleep Disorders

Insomnia

  • Adjustment Insomnia (Acute Insomnia)
  • Psychophysiological Insomnia
  • Paradoxical Insomnia
  • Idiopathic Insomnia
  • Insomnia Due to Mental Disorder
  • Inadequate Sleep Hygiene
  • Behavioral Insomnia of Childhood
  • Insomnia Due to Drug or Substance
  • Insomnia Due to Medical Condition
  • Insomnia Not Due to Substance or Known Physiological Condition
  • Unspecified (Nonorganic Insomnia, NOS)
  • Physiological (Organic) Insomnia, Unspecified

Sleep Related Breathing Disorders

  • Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes
    • Primary Central Sleep Apnea
    • Central Sleep Apnea Due to Cheyne Stokes Breathing Pattern
    • Central Sleep Apnea Due to High-Altitude Periodic Breathing
    • Central Sleep Apnea Due to Medical Condition Not Cheyne Stokes
    • Central Sleep Apnea Due to Drug or Substance
    • Primary Sleep Apnea of Infancy (Formerly Primary Sleep Apnea of Newborn)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndromes
    • Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Adult
    • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, Pediatric
  • Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemic Syndromes
    • Sleep Related Nonobstructive Alveolar Hypoventilation, Idiopathic
    • Congenital Central Alveolar Hypoventilation Syndrome
  • Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia Due to Medical Condition
    • Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia Due to Pulmonary Parenchymal or Vascular Pathology
    • Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia Due to Lower Airways Obstruction
    • Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia Due to Neuromuscular and Chest Wall Disorders
  • Other Sleep Related Breathing Disorder
    • Sleep Apnea/Sleep Related Breathing Disorder, Unspecified

Hypersomnias of Central Origin Not Due to a Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Sleep Related Breathing Disorder, or Other Cause of Disturbed Nocturnal Sleep

  • Narcolepsy With Cataplexy
  • Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy
  • Narcolepsy Due to Medical Condition
  • Narcolepsy, Unspecified
  • Recurrent Hypersomnia
    • Kleine-Levin Syndrome
    • Menstrual-Related Hypersomnia
  • Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time
  • Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time
  • Behaviorally Induced Insufficient Sleep Syndrome
  • Hypersomnia Due to Medical Condition
  • Hypersomnia Due to Drug or Substance
  • Hypersomnia Not Due to Substance or Known Physiological Condition (Nonorganic Hypersomnia, NOS)
  • Physiological (Organic) Hypersomnia, Unspecified (Organic Hypersomina, NOS)

Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders

  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Delayed Sleep Phase Type (Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Advanced Sleep Phase Type (Advanced Sleep Phase Disorder)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Irregular Sleep-Wake Type (Irregular Sleep-Wake Rhythm)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Free-Running Type (Nonentrained Type)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Jet Lag Type (Jet Lag Disorder)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Shift Work Type (Shift Work Disorder)
  • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Due to Medical Condition
  • Other Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder (Circadian Rhythm Disorder, NOS)
  • Other Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder Due to Drug or Substance

Parasomnias

  • Disorders of Arousal (From NREM Sleep)
    • Confusional Arousals
    • Sleepwalking
    • Sleep Terrors
  • Parasomnias Usually Associated With REM Sleep
    • REM Sleep behavior Disorder (Including Overlap Disorder and Status Dissociatus)
    • Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis
    • Nightmare Disorder
  • Other Parasomnias
    • Sleep Related Dissociative Disorders
    • Sleep Enuresis
    • Sleep Related Groaning (Catathrenia)
    • Exploding Head Syndrome
    • Sleep Related Hallucinations
    • Sleep Related Eating Disorders
    • Parasomnia, Unspecified
    • Parasomnia Due to Drug or Substance
    • Parasomnia Due to Medical Condition

Sleep Related Movement Disorders

  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
  • Sleep Related Leg Cramps
  • Sleep Related Bruxism
  • Sleep Related Rhythmic Movement Disorder
  • Sleep Related Movement Disorder, Unspecified
  • Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to Drug or Substance
  • Sleep Related Movement Disorder Due to Medical Condition

Isolated Symptoms, Apparently Normal Variants and Unresolved Issues

  • Long Sleeper
  • Short Sleeper
  • Snoring
  • Sleep Talking
  • Sleep Starts (Hypnic Jerks)
  • Benign Sleep Myoclonus of Infancy
  • Hypnagogic Foot Tremor and Alternating Leg Muscle Activation During Sleep
  • Propriospinal Myoclonus at Sleep Onset
  • Excessive Fragmentary Myoclonus

Other Sleep Disorders

  • Other Physiological (Organic) Sleep Disorder
  • Other Sleep Disorder Not Due to Substance or Known
  • Physiological Condition
  • Environmental Sleep Disorder

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